By Karl Arnold Belser
1 December 2019


Wikipedia defines paradigm as :

"In science and philosophy, a paradigm (/ˈparadigm/) is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field. "

Wikipedia also defines paradigm shift as:

"Paradigm shifts tend to appear in response to the accumulation of critical anomalies as well as the proposal of a new theory with the power to encompass both older relevant data and explain relevant anomalies."

So in order to see what changes are underway in the world one should have a description of the current paradigm.''


Until the end of the 20th century the paradigm was that of Western Civilization.  The key principle of Western Civilization is that of the Social Contract. Alan Ryan describes the development of the Social Contract in his book On Politics that I summarize in my previous post 

The shift in paradigm is the shift away from the principles discovered by Western Civilization.

I am a Stanford graduate (1962) and the core humanities coarse of the university was
History of Western Civilization  until the 1980s when it was discontinued. in my opinion the world population is now enjoying the fruits of Western Civilization without understanding who did the development.

Currently it is politically correct to give credit to groups of people that really didn't create what we are now enjoying.. This is the "Hey Hey Ho Ho Western Civ. has got to go" of Jesse Jackson, a black preacher.  

For example, I note that many US citizens believe that Harriet Tubman is apparently now more important in history than
Jeromy Bentham and  John Stewart Mill. The latter two English philosophers and political economists were possibly the most important in advocating lliberty, women's rights, anti slavery than many others. They argued that it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number the differentiates between right and wrong. The work of the Western Civilization philosophers  led to he Social Contract which is the main axiom of the western culture paradigm.

I  note that many educated Americans are totally ignorant of the underpinnings of American democracy. In fact mmore than 50% of Americans between the ages of  20 and 40 are in favor of socialism or fascism. Under this condition I worry that American civilization will  fundamentally change as this cohort becomes the societal leaders.  The article America's Drift Toward Feudalism in the magazine American Affairs clearly states the issue and the data behind it.


The anomaly of the social contract is economics. The people of the  Earth have to earn enough to support themselves collectively and not destroy the environment. After all "it's an ill bird that fouls its own next."

The people of the Earth are fouling the environment and printing money for a good life style today at the expense of future generations. Many other developed countries are doing the same thing. In behavioral economics, which is my current passion, this behavior is called hyperbolic discounting and it is a thinking error.

The social contract as currently implemented in law is not sustainable.
Environmental damage and economic mismanagement  are the big, unavoidable macro factorsthat will be the cause of change.


The welfare state is putting the welfare of all people today ahead of what will certainly happen in the future. I think this is true because human beings don't like to see people suffer or die today even if it means catastrophe in the future. The argument against this idea is "Well, it hasn't happened yet or "can't  the government just print money forever?". People just don't want to face reality. I think that they are in denial. This denial of reality  is called pluralistic ignorance.

Taking on a large national debt in order to print money for the purpose of giving people benefits that they did not ear is happening. Today an interest rate of as little as 5% would bankrupt the United State. SO the government is working hard to keep interest rate slow by printing more and more money.

The most profound, but little noticed by the general public, is nationalization in opposition to globalism. Peter Zeihan;s book The Accidental Superpower  describes what is apparently happening today. I summarized this book in my post  The World Situation  in 2016.  

Simply put the US cannot support all of the people on earth. Children are dying in foreign lands. Desperate poor and uneducated people are trying to enter Europe and the United States. A significant part of the US public believes that the US can just support them for humanitarian reasons. This again is pluralistic ignorance.

The main paradigm shift is that not all human life is sacred and that the United States must separate itself from other nations that are failing if it wants to survive. At this writing it is not clear if there is political will in the United States for its continuation in its current form.
Last updated jDecember 1, 2019
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